Abstract: WITHDRAWN: Identifying Pathways to Reduce Depressive Symptoms Among African American Youth through Family-Based Prevention (Society for Prevention Research 27th Annual Meeting)

111 WITHDRAWN: Identifying Pathways to Reduce Depressive Symptoms Among African American Youth through Family-Based Prevention

Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Seacliff D (Hyatt Regency San Francisco)
* noted as presenting author
Misha N. Inniss-Thompson, MS, Doctoral Student, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
Velma Murry, PhD, Professor, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN
Introduction: Adolescence is a critical period of vulnerability for the onset of depressive symptoms, which impacts approximately seven percent of African American youth. Family-level factors such as supportive parenting and racial socialization have been identified as two crucial determinants of positive mental health functioning among this population (Washington et al., 2016). Further, family-based preventive interventions hold promise for bolstering both family- and individual- level processes that can reduce the prevalence of depressive symptoms (Brown et al., 2018). Yet, there is a dearth of information about the mental health of African American youth within rural contexts.

Methods:This study considered the utility of a universal family-based preventive intervention, the Strong African American Families (SAAF) program, in reducing depressive symptoms among rural African American youth during the developmental transition from middle childhood to adolescence. Across three waves, a sample of 667 rural African American youth (Mage= 11.21, SD= 0.41 at time 1) provided self-reported responses about parental protective processes (racial socialization and affectively positive relationships) and youth protective processes (self-esteem and racial centrality/Black pride). Teachers provided reports of youth depressive symptoms.

Results: Preliminary analyses revealed that, at 36-month follow up, youth in the SAAF program had significantly higher self-esteem (Mcontrol= 42.68, SDcontrol= 6.19; MSAAF= 41.44, SDSAAF= 7.07, F(1, 665) = 5.64, p = 0.02)and racial socialization than youth in the control group (Mcontrol= 33.16, SDcontrol= 7.58; MSAAF= 34.94, SDSAAF= 5.89, F(1, 301) = 5.29, p= 0.02)and that youth in the control group had higher teacher reports of depressive symptoms (Mcontrol= 2.46, SDcontrol = 2.81; MSAAF= 1.55 SDSAAF= 2.23, F(1, 572), 18.70, p < 0.00. Further, regression analyses indicated that the combination of racial socialization, self-esteem, and group assignment predicted teacher reports of youth depressive symptoms. Future path analyses will examine the specific mechanisms through which the SAAF program reduced depressive symptoms among youth exposed to the preventive intervention.

Conclusion: Taken together, findings from this study support the importance of understanding the impact the universal family-based preventive interventions have on the psychological functioning of African American youth.