Methods: A convergent parallel mixed methods study design was used to evaluate stakeholder’s perceptions regarding the program. The qualitative component included one focus group with experts in substance use prevention, parenting programming, adolescent health, and government programs, three focus groups with potential implementers (school principals, teachers, and counselors), three focus groups with parents of youth in 5th and 6th grades, and three focus groups with youth in those school grades. Each focus group was conducted at a different school to represent public, private, and subsidized types of schools. The quantitative data consisted on a questionnaire that included demographic information and items from assessing the intervention characteristics of that have been associated with greater uptake from the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR, e.g., potential benefit, usability, scalability, etc.). Participants completed surveys after participating in focus groups. Focus groups were analyzed using thematic analysis. Descriptive statistics summarized data from participant’s surveys.
Results: In general, participants valued the ¡VxM! program. Experts recommended including a school component to ensure sustainability. School staff worried about teacher overload and responding to new needs from parents. Parents expected more attention to self-control strategies rather than only focusing in parenting skills, wanted more information through media messages, and valued support from a known person. Youth proposed including family games and sports. The final version of the ¡VxM! program included 4 components: 1) School-family partnership, 2) Parent-child workshops, 3) Interactive media messages, and 4) Support for change.
Conclusion: These findings support that the final version of the ¡VxM! program is ready to be tested in a pilot study evaluating implementation feasibility and potential benefit.