Abstract: WITHDRAWN: Comparing and Contrasting Evidenced-Based Dating Violence Prevention Curriculums with a Focus on Usage of Contemporary Youth Dating Culture and Language (Society for Prevention Research 27th Annual Meeting)

245 WITHDRAWN: Comparing and Contrasting Evidenced-Based Dating Violence Prevention Curriculums with a Focus on Usage of Contemporary Youth Dating Culture and Language

Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Pacific D/L (Hyatt Regency San Francisco)
* noted as presenting author
Gary Kwok, MA, Pre-Doctoral Fellow, New York University, New York, NY
Delores A. Owens, MPH, MPA, Doctoral Fellow, Adelphi University, Garden City, NY
Chrisann Newransky, PHD, Assistant Professor, Adelphi University, Placeholder, NY
Stavroula Kyriakakis, PHD, Associate Professor, Adelphi University, Placeholder, NY
Introduction: Despite decades of research on teen dating and abuse, the prevalence of sexual abuse victimization and perpetration in the youth population remains a public health crisis in the United States. Studies report 10-12% of youth experienced physical dating abuse and more than 33% experienced other forms of abuse. Currently, service providers are struggling to meet the challenges of fluid intimate youth interrelations (the blur between friendship and ‘dating’), identity, the attitudes and behaviors associated within the context, and ever-changing technological advances such as social media and texting.

A review of 140 dating violence interventions found only two programs, Safe Dates (SD) and Shifting Boundaries (SB) to be effective for preventing sexual violence. Although these interventions demonstrate promising outcomes, it is unclear which would be more efficacious and whether they incorporate current youth-specific interrelationships, behaviors and social media. This study examines and analyzes SD and SB interventions using an ecological lens to assess effectiveness as well as the inclusion of youth-specific sexual culture, identity, language, behaviors and social media.

Methods: Using the Context, Input, Process and Product (CIPP) program evaluation model, we qualitatively compare components of SD and SB including curriculum and evaluation design (e.g., RCT). We also compare the effect size of each program to measure the magnitude of the effectiveness. We used Cohen’s d to measure the effect size for mean differences between programs within the pre-post-control-intervention design. Lastly, we use the an ecology model to discuss areas where further incorporation of contemporary youth culture into interventions is warranted.

Results: The results show that the programs share similarities and differences in various areas from theoretical approach to curriculum to evaluation. Effect sizes show that SD (d = -.086) is more efficacious than SB (d = .564) in preventing dating sexual victimization. To our knowledge there is no research that combines contemporary youth culture and dating violence/perpetration. Thus, using the ecology model, we incorporate contemporary youth dating culture into interventions via 4 domains: 1) descriptive elements; 2) situational context; 3) developmental context; and 4) environmental context.

Conclusion: This study may shed light on program aspects that make both SD and SB effective. By adding an ecological approach to examine contemporary youth culture and language, the study offers insight into efforts needed to modernize curriculum content and delivery.