Methods: The study employed structured questionnaires and total of 233 women drug users were interviewed from a list of clients contacted at 15 Harm Reduction project sites of the Myanmar Anti-Narcotics Association (MANA).
Results: All respondents (n = 233) had heard of HIV/AIDS and know about correct condom use, while the risk of sharing needles or syringes was known to most of them. Forty percent of them (n=93) got a blood test, 15.1% (n = 14) got a positive result, and only 35.7% (n = 5) of the respondents who got positive results received ART treatment services. One third of them had multiple sex partners and 19 percent of them had sexual intercourse with men in exchange of money or drugs during last six months. Majority of them (90.9%, n =212) said they do not have the opportunity to use a condom. Only 26% of respondents (n = 61) have accessed methadone maintenance treatment. More than one in every four respondents said they don’t want to come regularly to receive the harm reduction services in Drop in Center.
Conclusions: This study shows that need to build the female-only drop-in-center in Myanmar to encourage more women to take advantage of harm reduction services, and the need to conduct the gender equality awareness sessions in the community.