Specifically, we examine whether CPR affects divorcing parents reports of hope (HHI; Herth, 1991), perceived stress (PSS; Cohen et al., 1988), positive parenting (APQ-9; Elgar, et al., 2007), and child adjustment (SDQ; Goodman, 2001) on a sample of 248 adults (n=124 treatment and n=124 control) across two time points (baseline and 12-month follow-up). Mean age was 35, 61% were female, annual income was $33,000, and education level was some college.
A within group design assessed for change over time in the CPR group using a series of paired t-tests, and a between group design compared the treatment group to a control group using a series of ANCOVAs controlling for gender, income, education, and who initiated the divorce. Results from paired t-tests indicate that CPR parents reported significant increases in hope, child adjustment, and decreases in stress from baseline to 12-month follow-up. Similarly, ANCOVAs found the CPR group reported increases in hope, positive parenting, and child adjustment, and decreases in stress compared to the control group after accounting for controls.
These findings provide support for CPR as being instrumental in helping divorcing parents move toward more adaptive coping strategies that benefit child well-being. Results suggest that increasing hope may also be an effective strategy for prevention programs working with high-risk families. By increasing hope and reducing the stress associated with divorce and separation, parents may utilize more adaptive coping strategies that promote resilience. Overall, the present evaluation study provides rigorous initial evidence that CPR holds potential to prevent many of the negative outcomes associated with divorce for parents and children.