Method: The sample included 202 Latinx young adults (Mage = 21.41±2.16y; 55.9% Female). The majority of participants self-identified as Mexican American (46%); other reported ethnicities included Puerto Rican, Dominican, and Cuban. Participants completed an online survey and reported bicultural dimensions of acculturation (The Abbreviated Multidimensional Acculturation Scale), smartphone use (The Media and Technology Usage and Attitudes Scale), and weekday/weekend sedentary behaviors (Sedentary Behavior Questionnaire). Two hierarchical regressions were conducted to examine the association between acculturation and weekday/weekend sedentary behaviors with smartphone use as a moderator.
Results: English language competence was inversely associated with weekend sedentary behaviors (β = -.25, p < .01), while smartphone use significantly moderated the associations between native language competence and weekday (β = -.17, p < .05) and weekend (β = -.15, p < .05) sedentary behaviors. Simple slope analyses revealed that native language competence was positively associated with weekday sedentary behaviors for Latinx young adults with low levels of smartphone use (β = .31, p < .01).
Conclusions: These findings suggest that being more proficient in English may be associated with less engagement in sedentary behaviors. For Latinx young adults with limited smartphone use, increased native language competence was associated with more weekday sedentary behaviors, while increased native language competence alone was associated with lower engagement in weekday and weekend sedentary behaviors. These findings support the continued need to investigate the unique impact of native and host cultures on health behaviors.
In remembrance of Dr. Tasia M. Smith.