Abstract: Parental Self-Efficacy in Eritrean Refugee Parents (Society for Prevention Research 27th Annual Meeting)

256 Parental Self-Efficacy in Eritrean Refugee Parents

Wednesday, May 29, 2019
Pacific D/L (Hyatt Regency San Francisco)
* noted as presenting author
Bénédicte Mouton, PhD, Postdoc, University of Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
Rick Shoenmaeckers, MA, PhD Candidate, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands
Mirjam van Reisen, PhD, Professor, Tilburg University, Tilburg, Netherlands
20,000 Eritreans live in the Netherlands and constitute the second asylum seekers group in the country. Among them, it is estimated that many have experienced Post Traumatic Stress (PTS) due to traumatic experiences in their country of origin or along their journey to flea (exposition to death, torture, sexual abuse), as well as postmigration stressors (finding a job and housing, lack of finances, going to school or study, caring for the family, language barriers, or acculturation).

Beyond individual trauma, the issue of an intergenerational process of trauma contributing to a collective trauma is also at stake for these refugee parents. The relation between parent PTS and parenting and a possible consequent impact on their children’s mental health is a key issue. This qualitative study explores the parental cognitions of refugee mothers and fathers through interviews of 14 Eritrean refugee parents, with a focus on their self-efficacy. Their feeling of safety, control, satisfaction and competence as parents appeared to be at a higher level than expected, except for parents separated from their children. This study contributes to the understanding of the needs of refugee families and the design and implementation of relevant support for these families.