Methods: The evaluation, which is funded by the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA), is taking place at one northeastern, Division I university. A total of 250 Division I, collegiate, male (n = 114) and female (n = 136) student-athletes completed pre-survey data in the fall of 2018 (35% response rate). Student-athletes represented 24 of the 25 varsity teams on campus. Student-athletes will be invited to participate in a post-survey in November 2018. Primarily research questions will be tested through regression analyses.
Results: Preliminary analyses exploring bivariate associations will be computed using t-tests and ANOVA’s. Next, regression analyses will be used to test whether rape myth acceptance, bystander self-efficacy, binge drinking, conformity to masculinity norms, team belongingness, coach-athlete relationship, and type of bystander prevention program predict bystander behaviors (both positive and negative) at each time point. To explore factors predicting changes in bystander behavior over time, mixed-effects regression models (MRM) will be run. We will run a different MRM for each hypothesized predictor of bystander behavior that is significant at the bivariate level. Note that results will be finalized by SPR, given the final grant report to the NCAA is due in January 2019.
Conclusions: Many collegiate student-athletes are well-known on- and off-campus, making them potentially salient leaders in sexual violence prevention. Understanding which factors influence collegiate student-athletes’ positive and negative bystander behavior can inform tailored prevention efforts by universities and athletic departments.