Abstract: Weapon-Carrying Is Associated with More Permissive Gambling Attitudes and Perceptions and at-Risk/Problem Gambling in Adolescents. (Society for Prevention Research 27th Annual Meeting)

499 Weapon-Carrying Is Associated with More Permissive Gambling Attitudes and Perceptions and at-Risk/Problem Gambling in Adolescents.

Thursday, May 30, 2019
Pacific D/L (Hyatt Regency San Francisco)
* noted as presenting author
Zu Wei Zhai, PhD, Visiting Assistant Professor, Middlebury College, Middlebury, VT
Rani Hoff, PhD, Professor, Yale University, West Haven, CT
Caitlin Magruder, BA Candidate, Student, Middlebury College, Middblebury, CT
Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin, PhD, Professor, Yale University, New Haven, CT
Marc Potenza, MD, PhD, Professor, Yale University, New Haven, CT
Purpose: A recent mass shooting in Las Vegas, NV highlights the relevance of better understanding relationships between weapon-carrying and gambling. As weapon-carrying and gambling behaviors are prevalent in adolescents, this study systematically examined relationships between weapon-carrying status and measures of problem-gambling severity and gambling perceptions and attitudes, as well as how weapon-carrying status moderated relationships between problem-gambling severity and measures of health/functioning and gambling behavior.

Methods: Participants were 2,301 Connecticut high-school adolescents. Chi-square and logistic regression models were conducted.

Results: Weapon-carriers reported greater problem-gambling severity, more permissive gambling perceptions, greater parental approval of gambling, and more concerning levels of family gambling, compared to non-weapon-carriers. Interactions between problem-gambling severity and weapon-carrying status were found in gambling partners and types of gambling. At-risk/problem-gambling was more strongly associated with having family, peers and adult gambling partners among non-weapon-carriers (versus weapon-carriers); and with having unfamiliar gambling partners, solitary gambling, and machine gambling among weapon-carriers (versus non-weapon-carriers).

Conclusions: Greater problem-gambling severity and more permissive gambling perceptions and perceived parental approval of gambling in weapon-carrying adolescents suggest that parent-child relationships are important to consider in prevention efforts. The moderated relationship by weapon-carrying status between problem-gambling severity and gambling partners suggests a problem-gambling risk group that may be less linked to gambling with traditional social support groups and more associated with asocial gambling behaviors. This group may benefit from targeted interventions that bolster social development and social support.

Marc Potenza
Shire: Honorarium/Consulting Fees
INSYS Rivermend Health: Honorarium/Consulting Fees
Opiant/Lakelight Therapeutic: Honorarium/Consulting Fees
Jazz Pharmaceuticals: Honorarium/Consulting Fees