Data come from a randomized control trial of 575 urban AI parents of adolescents (ages 10-17) living three urban Arizona cities. Collaborating with urban Indian centers, parents were randomized into P2W or a comparison family health curriculum. Pretests occurred in the first workshop, with post-tests following 10 weeks later during the last workshop. Tests of the efficacy of P2W versus comparison group were analyzed through baseline adjusted regression models in Mplus using FIML estimation to adjust for attrition, including random effects (site, facilitator), and controlling dosage (# workshops attended).
Parents receiving P2W, compared to the comparison family health curriculum, reported a significant decrease in frequency of substance use (B=-.077, p<.01). This finding was particularly salient for heavy episodic drinking (B=-.059, p<.05). In addition, compared to the comparison group, parents in P2W reported a significant decrease in their adolescents’ antisocial behavior (B=-.090, p<.01) and marginal increases in prosocial behavior (B=.056, p<.10).
P2W is a culturally grounded parenting intervention that can strengthen protective factors among urban AI families – reducing parent substance use and youth risky behaviors. These results indicate P2W can be effective at changing various aspects of parenting practices– an important mechanism through which we may expect change in youth risk behavior.