Methods: This study use a quasi-experimental control group design where the largest city in Sweden is the intervention area and the second largest city is the control area. The setting is licensed premises inside and outside soccer arenas in addition to entrances to the arenas. Actors were hired and trained by an expert panel to act a standardized scene of severe intoxication at licensed premises inside and outside arenas as well as at the entries at arenas. Observers were trained to monitor the attempts. The planned alcohol intervention, to be initiated in 2016, will utilize an environmental approach to prevention and the strategies selected will be based on baseline studies and needs assessments and could include community mobilization, responsible beverage service training, policy work, and improved controls and sanctions.
Results: Data collection is currently ongoing and baseline assessment will be finalized during 2015. This study will generate three types of data: (i) frequency of alcohol service to the pseudopatrons at licensed premises outside the arenas (> 150 attempts), (ii) frequency of service at licensed premises inside the arenas (> 150 attempts), and (iii) frequency of security staffs’ intervention towards the pseudopatrons (> 100 attempts).
Conclusions: There is an urgent need to reduce alcohol related violence at sporting events, however, there is a lack of knowledge of the extent of the problem and what strategies that are effective. This novel study therefore makes an important contribution not only to the research community, but also to public health officials, decision makers, authorities, the general public as well as the sports community.